COSMETOLOGY

WAEC SYLLABUS ON COSMETOLOGY

EXAMINATION SCHEME

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be acomposite paper to be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1:

Will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions lasting for 40 minutes and carrying 40 marks.

PAPER 2:

The paper will last 1hour 20 minutes and have two sections, Sections A and B as follows:

Section A:

This will consist of one compulsory question drawn fromSections A, B and G of the syllabus for 30 marks.

Section B:

This will consist of three questions drawn from Sections C, D,E and F of the syllabus. Each question will carry 25 marks and candidates will be required to answer two.

PAPER 3:

Will be a test of practical work paper consisting ofthree compulsory questions. Itwill take 1 hour and carry 80 marks.


DETAILED SYLLABUS

TOPICSCONTENTSNOTES

A. INTRODUCTION TO COSMETOLOGY

1. Cosmetology
(a) Cosmetology.
(b) Cosmetics.
(c) Cosmetician.
(d) Aspects of cosmetology.
Definition of terms.
Different aspects of cosmetology.
2. Professional Ethics
(a) Professional ethics.
(b) Good and poor ethics ofcosmetology.
(c) Qualities of a cosmetologist.
General professional ethics.

B. GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTION/HYGIENE

1. Personal/client Safety
(a) Personal safety.
(b) Client safety.
Candidates should be able to correctly outline
various safety measures to be taken.
2. Personal Hygiene
Definition of personal hygiene.
3. Rules of Personal Hygiene
(a) Rules for Personal hygiene.
(b) Grooming and grooming materials.
Cleanliness of the body and oral hygiene.
Characteristics of grooming ( posture, exerciserelaxation and balanced diet.)
4. Sterilization of tools
(a) Definition of sterilization.
(b) Methods and types of sterilization.
(c) Materials and of sterilization.
(d) Process of sterilization.
Physical agents: moist heat, boiling water,
steaming, dry heat, ultra violet rays.
Chemical agents: antiseptics and disinfectants.
5. First Aid
(a) Definition of first aid.
(b) Contents of a first aid box and theiruses.
(c) First aid treatment.
First aid treatment for burns, cuts, scalds etc.

C. TOOLS, EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS

Cosmetic tools, Equipment andMaterials.
(a) General tools, equipment andmaterials used in cosmetology.
(b) Classification of cosmetic tools,equipment and materials.
(c) Uses of cosmetic tools, equipmentand materials.
(d) Maintenance of tools and equipment.
Candidates should be able to describe how thevarious tools, equipment and materials are used.
Manicure and pedicure tools, barbing clippers,facial implements e.t.c.

D. HAIR CARE AND HAIR PRODUCTS

1. Types of Hair
(a) Types of hair
(b) General hair care
Normal, dry, oily hair etc. should be studied.Combing, washing, brushing, cutting, trimmingetc.
2. General Hair Treatment
(a) Types of hair treatment –shampooing, conditioning, steamingetc.
(b) Stages of hair treatment.
Appropriate treatment for dry hair, normal hair,oily hair and hair with dandruff should bestudied.
Shampooing, conditioning, steaming, trimming,drying and styling should be studied.
3. Scalp Treatment
(a) Scalp disorders.
(b) Scalp treatment.
(c) Prevention of scalp disorders
Hair loss (alopecia), dandruff etc.
Nutritional treatment (vitamin B etc.), Chemicaltreatment (shampoos, cream etc.) should bestudied.
Candidates are expected to have carried outpractical activities on scalp treatment.
4. Treatment of Hair loss
Hair loss—causes, prevention andtreatment.
5. Tinting and Colouring of Hair
(a) Definition of hair colouring/tinting.
(b) Types of hair colouring.
(c) Tools and instrument used for haircolouring.
Temporary, semi-permanent and permanent haircolouring should be studied.
Candidates are expected to have carried outpractical activities on hair colouring/tinting.
6. Chemical Hair Relaxers
(a) Definition of hair relaxer
(b) Types of hair relaxer—cold waves,texturizers etc.
(c) Tools and materials for hair relaxing.
(d) Procedure for chemical hair relaxing.
(e) Safety precautions in applyingchemical hair relaxers.
Candidates are expected to carry out practical activities on hair relaxing.
7. Artificial Hair
(a) Difference between hair pieces andwigs.
(b) Types of hair pieces and wigs.
(c) Reasons for wearing wigs.
(d) Caring for wigs and hair pieces.
(e) Tips for buying hair pieces and wigs.
(f) Procedure for fixing artificial hair.
Candidates are expected to have carried outpractical activities on fixing artificial hair.
8. Hair Weaving
(a) Hair weaving—Reasons for weaving,tools and materials.
(b) Types of hair pieces for weaving.
(c) Brand names of hair pieces.
Candidates are expected to have carried outpractical activities on weaving.
9. Hair Barbering
(a) Definition of barbering.
(b) Common hair diseases associatedwith barbering.
(c) Risks associated with barbering andsafety measures.
(d) Barbering tools, materials and theirmaintenance.
Bumps, lice, hair shaft damage etc.
HIV transmission, ringworm etc.
10. Shampoos and Hair Conditioners
(a) Shampoos and conditioners.
(b) Reasons for hair shampooing andconditioning.
(c) Techniques for hair shampooing andconditioning.
(d) Safety precautions for shampooing
and conditioning.
Candidate should be able to define shampoos andconditioners and be able to select the right typeof shampoos and conditioners for differenttextures of hair.
Candidates are expected to have carried outpractical activities of shampooing andconditioning.

E. FACE AND BODY CARE

1. Skin
(a) Skin—Definition and types of skin
(b) Skin care
(c) Types of skin care products and theirusage.
(d) Abuse of skin care products.
(e) Common skin problems andtreatments.
Oily skin, dry skin etc.
Moisturizers, cleansers, lotions, toners,creams etc.
Acne, eczema, ringworm, inflammation of theskin etc.
2. Colour Wheel/chart
(a) Classification of colours
(b) Colour wheel/chart.
e.g. primary, secondary, tertiary , neutral andintermediate colours.
3. Application of Facial Make-up
(a) Types of facial make-up
(b) Reasons for facial make-up
(c) Application of facial make-up
(d) Safety precautions in application offacial makeup.
(e) Make-up materials
(f) Maintenance of make-upimplements
Base foundation, loose powder, lips sticks, eyepencils etc.
Beautification, concealing facial defects etc.
Cleansing, moisturizing, foundation, concealerpowder, eye shadow etc.
Brush, facial mask, foam, facial towel etc.
4. Facial Defects and Treatment
(a) Facial defects.
(b) Treatment of facial defects.
Wrinkles, acne, pimples etc.
Facial creams, nutrition, facial aerobics etc
5. Lips and Lip Sticks
(a) Lips—shapes of lips and types of lip colours
(b) Types of lipsticks.
(c) Techniques for lip sticks and lipcolour application.
Candidates are expected to have carried outpractical activities on application of lipsticks
6. Eye Brows, Eye Lids and Eye Lashes
(a) Types and shapes of eye brows.
(b) Materials used for eye brows, eye
(c) lids and eye lashes.
Tweezers, eye pencil, mascara etc.
Candidates are expected to have carried out
practical activities on the use of eye brows, eyelids and eye lash materials.

F. MANICURE AND PEDICURE

1. Feet and Hands
(a) Care of feet—effect of shoes on feet.
(b) massaging of feet and trimming oftoe nails.
(c) Care of hands—massaging,application of oil and trimming ofhandnails.
(d) Nail disorders.
(e) Nail diseases.
Common toes and feet disorders should bestudied.
White spots, bitten nails, brittle nails etc.
Ringworm, felon and ingrown nails.
2. Nails
(a) Definition of manicure and pedicure
(b) Tools and equipment for manicuringand pedicuring and their maintenance
(c) Processes for manicuring andpedicuring.
(d) Safety precautions for manicuringand pedicuring.
Candidates are expected to have carried outpractical activities on manicuring and pedicuring.

G. ENTERPRENUERSHIP

Opening a Beauty Salon
(a) Salon.
(b) Conditions for establishing a salon.
(c) Salon equipment.
(d) Rules, regulations and lawsgoverning salon business.
(e) Media for advertising
Explanation.
Registration of members with local hair dresserassociations, payment of business premises levyto government.
Radio, television, handbills, posters, newspapers,magazines, internet etc.

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LIST OF MAJOR EQUIPMENTS AND MATERIALS REQUIRED

1. Mirrors
2. Dressing and styling chairs
3. Shampoo bowls
4. Trolleys
5. Chairs
6. Stools
7. Washing basins
8. Curling tongs
9. Steamers
10. Heater
11. Foot massager (chart)
12. Crimping machine (chart)
13. Tweezers
14. Emery boards
15. Manicure Sets
16. Generator (at least 3KVA)
17. Sets of combs
18. Gloves (Hair dresser’s)
19. Aprons
20. Cream relaxers
21. Neutralizing shampoos; shampoos.
22. Conditioners
23. Pomades
24. Needles
25. Threads
26. Weave-on
27. Hair pieces
28. Wigs
29. Set of artificial nails
30. Setting lotions
31. Hair lotions
32. Colour tints
33. Hair sprays (oil sheen and holding)
34. Towels
35. Capes

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We provide educational resources/materials, curriculum guide, syllabus, scheme of work, lesson note & plan, waec, jamb, O-level & advance level GCE lessons/tutorial classes, on various topics, subjects, career, disciplines & department etc. for all the Class of Learners